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Our approach at North Nibley Pre School is that children learn through play.  Research has shown that play helps young children to learn and develop through thinking, doing and talking.

The provision for children's development and learning is guided by the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS).


The Early Years Foundation stage (EYFS) is made up of seven areas of learning and development. All areas are equally important and depend on each other to support child development.  All areas are delivered through planned, purposeful play, with a balance of adult led and child initiated activities. There is equal emphasis on indoor and outdoor learning.

The EYFS frame work became statutory in 2008 and has been periodically updated.  Early years staff ensure that they work to the latest version and the setting's documents are updated accordingly.

1) Personal Social and Emotional Development (PSED)

This focuses on children learning to make relationships with other children and with adults, self confidence and self awareness and managing feelings and behaviour.

Intent: To help our children develop healthy and happy experiences, by making strong friendships, gaining confidence in new experiences and following our boundaries.  We strive to help our children persist with challenges and to problem solve simple conflicts.



  • role model behaviour;

  • follow children's interests;

  • free play and space to play;

  • provide challenging but achievable activities;

  • group activities;

  • space and time to solve conflicts;

  • healthy snacks and eating together.

Impact: Our children will become independent and confident as they continue to grow, being able to develop friendships, take on new challenges with confidence and a positive attitude.

2) Communication and Language (CL)

This area focuses on children’s listening and attention skills, their understanding skills and their speaking skills.

Intent: To help our children learn how to communicate and talk to each other using a varied vocabulary and a range of context.  We use Makaton so we can encourage our children to communicate through signing if their speech is not ready.


  • good role models;

  • story telling;

  • give time for the child to respond;

  • introduce new words;

  • speak at the child's stage of development;

  • rhymes and singing;

  • Makaton signs around the room;

  • using Makaton;

  • asking questions.

Impact: Our children can communicate clearly, explaining themselves and continue to expand their vocabulary.  Our children will know and understand the Makaton signs and be able to communicate by using them.

3) Physical Development (PD)

In this area children develop moving and handling skills and also think about health and self-care.


Intent: To help our children to develop their fine and gross motor skills.  With their fine motor skills, we provide hand/eye coordination activities, where our children can work on control of their arms and wrists ready for developing pencil control and mark making skills.  With gross motor skills, we help to develop balancing, coordination and core strength.


  • use of tools and equipment;

  • hand/eye coordination activities such as threading;

  • space to move around freely;

  • sports day/races;

  • walks around our community;

  • obstacle courses;

  • mark making using different media.

Impact:  Our children have space an fresh air to move around freely in a range of ways whilst being careful in their surroundings.  They learn to join in with races and follow instructions confidently.  Our children learn how to control their shoulder, elbow and wrists, being able to have control when mark making or doing up/undoing fastenings.

4) Understanding the world (UW)

This focuses on children having understanding of people and communities, the world and technology.

Intent: To support our children as they explore and learn about their own community and families, looking at how we live, grow and develop.  We explore different religions and festivals celebrated around the world, along with their customs and rituals.  We provide a selection of different technology toys for our children to explore how they work.


  • walks around our community;

  • internet;

  • books;

  • food;

  • visitors;

  • vidoes;

  • exploring equipment;

  • trial and error;

  • role play areas - imitating and talking about family/extended family;

  • dressing up - acknowledging different roles in the communication, eg. Doctors/builders.

Impact: Our children will have an understanding of equality and diversity, how we look the same but are different.  They will have a basic knowledge of other religions, and how they are celebrated.  Our children will understand and know how to make something work and will have the confidence to try their own ideas.

5) Mathematics (M)

This area covers mathematical development and provides the foundations for numeracy.


Intent: To help our children develop an understanding of numbers through counting and simple number recognition.  We look at simple shapes, recognising their shape name and using them appropriately in activities and around our community.  In addition, we look at simple ways to weigh and measure objects.


  • counting children, cups, chairs etc.;

  • games;

  • building activities;

  • songs and rhymes;

  • shape/number walks;

  • stories tap tap/mosaic;

  • cooking;

  • environment/community;

  • scales.

Impact: Our children will be able to count fluently, recognise numbers and use number names correctly.  When using shapes they will know their names and use them correctly in activities.  Our children will be starting to have an understanding of weights and measures.

6) Expressive Arts and Design (EAD)

This focuses on the development of the children’s imagination, their ability to communicate and express ideas and feeling in a creative way.


Intent: To give our children the opportunity to explore different materials and textures, equipment and tools.  Through role-play, they can develop their imagination and vocabulary through different scenarios, singing and rhymes.


  • role-play area - changes regularly;

  • different tools and equipment;

  • role models;

  • textures;

  • art and craft trolley;

  • dressing up;

  • singing and rhymes.

Impact: Our children will develop their imagination skills and creativity using items from their environment as props for their role-play, learning to feed off each other to keep play going.  Our children will explore different materials and textures to create their masterpieces and bringing their own ideas as their confidence grows.

7) Literacy (L)

This focuses on the development of children’s reading and writing skills.


Intent: Our children will have the opportunity to have stories and access to books continuously.  They will be encouraged to talk about the characters and illustrations in the books, widening both their imagination and vocabulary.  We will provide resources to enable the children to act out stories.  Whilst mark making we ask questions and talk about what they are doing.


  • books;

  • story sacks;

  • puppets;

  • role-play;

  • Happyland;

  • home corner;

  • different media for mark making;

  • time.

Impact: Our children will have an understanding of how stories are structured and be able to tell stories through the illustrations, using puppets and any available resources.  Their language and imagination will grow as will their confidence.

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